South Africa Mining Introduction GoldAvenue Encyclopaedia. South Africa is the world's largest gold producer, with tonnes ( million oz) in 2001, according to the Chamber of Mines.
Mponeng is a gold mine in South Africa's Gauteng province. It extends over 4 kilometres ( mi) below the surface, and is considered to be one of the most substantial gold mines in the world. It is also currently the world's deepest mine from ground level. The trip from the surface to the bottom of the mine takes over an hour.